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The Basics Of Pest Control

Feb 19

Pest Control Services Plantation can damage property or cause a health hazard. A homeowner or business owner may be able to take care of some of the damage themselves, but others require professional help. A pest control service can locate the source of the problem and provide the necessary services to eliminate it. These services may include removing or killing the pests, cleaning up the area where they live and breeding, or applying barriers to prevent them from returning.

There are three goals in pest management: prevention, suppression, and eradication. Prevention is possible when the pest occurrence can be predicted and conditions that favor it are prevented. For example, some plant diseases can be avoided by ensuring that desirable plants are grown under optimum conditions and infested species are not planted nearby.

Eradication is difficult to achieve in outdoor pest situations and is usually a last resort when other strategies fail. It is most feasible in enclosed environments such as buildings or greenhouses. Examples of eradication programs include those for Mediterranean fruit fly, gypsy moth, and fire ants.

A pest infestation can result in costly repairs, lost revenue, and loss of reputation. Businesses may also face legal liabilities for illnesses caused by pests or for damages to products or equipment. It is important to employ pest control methods that are humane and environmentally responsible.

The cost of pest control can be offset by the savings from avoiding damages. Some homeowners insurance policies cover insect-related damage. It is important to check the details of each policy before making a claim.

Integrated Pest Management (IPM) is an ecosystem-based approach that reduces pests and their damage through a combination of techniques. This includes monitoring for pests, modifying cultural practices, and using natural enemies or resistant varieties. Chemicals are used only when monitoring indicates they are needed, and they are applied in a manner that minimizes risks to people, beneficial and nontarget organisms, and the environment.

Mechanical and physical controls kill or block pests, or alter their environment to make it unsuitable for them. Traps, screens, fences, radiation, steam sterilization of soil, and chemicals such as pheromones or juvenile hormones can be used for this purpose. Natural features such as mountains and large bodies of water limit the spread of many pests, while weed barriers and proper soil management can restrict their growth.

Clutter provides hiding places for pests and makes it more difficult to remove them. It is advisable to clear away debris, sweep floors, and caulk cracks and crevices. The use of resistant varieties of plants, wood, and animals can make an environment less favorable to pests.

Some microorganisms are natural enemies of certain pests, and their introduction can dramatically reduce their numbers. Parasitic nematodes, for instance, can be used to destroy fleas, grubs, cockroaches, and other insects in the garden. However, it is important to use the correct species and application rate, as some nematodes are harmful to desirable plants. Nematodes are available as a powder or liquid and can be easily applied with a spray.